Biology, Bachelor of Science

REQUIRED MAJOR HOURS 46
REQUIRED MINOR HOURS NONE
TOTAL PROGRAM HOURS 46
PRESCRIBED COURSES ATTAINABLE IN GEN ED: BIOL 111, CHEM 111, AND MATH 151

Mission Statement

We strive to provide Biology majors with comprehensive and rigorous instruction in the biological sciences that extends in hierarchy from molecules to cells to organisms to ecological systems, including evolutionary processes. We are dedicated to providing a learning environment where our students receive outstanding instruction and mentoring in biology within the context of a Christian liberal arts college. Our department is devoted to preparing biology majors for their career objectives following graduation in graduate or professional schools, teaching, or jobs in animal or human medicine/allied health, environmental, or other biological fields.

Student Learning Outcomes

1. Apply the scientific method to natural phenomena and information.

1.1 Develop testable hypotheses to explain basic chemical and physical processes; and

1.2 Design and conduct experiments to evaluate the testable hypotheses.

2. Identify, analyze, and apply key biological terms and concepts from molecules to cells to organisms to ecological systems, including evolutionary processes (components for each biology hierarchy include, but are not limited to, the following).

2.1 Molecules: Describe structure and function of four biomolecule classes: lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids; and

2.2 Cells: Describe structure and function of cell membrane and organelles, comparison of prokaryotes and eukaryotes, metabolic variety, response to stimuli (internal and external), homeostasis, and cellular reproduction, including genetics.

2.3 Organisms: Describe, and compare and contrast key organisms from six Kingdoms: Prokaryotes (Archea and Eubacteria), Protista, Plants, Fungi, and Animals with respect to:

  1. Structure and function (physiology) of tissue, organ, and organ systems;
  2. Catabolic and anabolic processes, including waste elimination;
  3. Homeostasis;
  4. Reproduction, differentiation, and development, including genetics; and
  5. Ecological function and key interactions with the abiotic and biotic world.

2.4 Ecological Systems: Describe, and compare and contrast major terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems from the population, community, and ecosystem levels with respect to following:

  1. Geographical locations, abiotic and biotic structure and components (for example, climate and biodiversity, respectively);
  2. Flow of energy and nutrients;
  3. Abiotic influences, such as climate and geographical relief. Biotic interactions, such as intra- and interspecific competition, dispersal, and population dynamics;
  4. Vulnerability to human activities and conservation methods.

2.5 Evolutionary Processes: Describe and analyze key processes that cause populations to change over time with respect to individual and population genotypes and phenotypes, leading to micro- and macroevolution. Key processes that drive evolution include, but are not limited to, the following:

  1. Mutation;
  2. Sexual reproduction;
  3. Natural selection, which includes population variety, struggle for survival, and differential survival based on heritable traits;
  4. Speciation mechanisms, such as pre- and post-zygotic mechanisms and spatial and temporal separation of populations; and
  5. Long term geological, oceanographic, meteorological, and astronomical processes.

3. Demonstrate proficiency with a variety of skills in the laboratory and field that are important to functioning in biological careers, or in advanced degrees.

3.1 Because much of biology research is based on chemistry, majors will demonstrate an understanding and proficiency in key bench chemistry skills as follows:

  1. Gravimetric techniques;
  2. Volumetric measurement and transfer;
  3. Preparation of solutions;
  4. Common measurements: pH, titrations; UV-Vis spectrophotometry; and
  5. Common separation methods: chromatography (thin-layer).

3.2 Demonstrate an understanding and proficiency with some biology-specific biology lab skills:

  1. Microscopy;
  2. Electrophoresis; and
  3. Dissection.

3.3 Demonstrate an understanding and proficiency with some biology-specific field skills:

  1. Taxonomic identification; and
  2. Population sampling.

3.4 Demonstrate an understanding and proficiency in record keeping of procedures and data (e.g., lab notebook); and

3.5 Demonstrate an understanding and proficiency of safety in the lab and field.

4. Apply mathematical and statistical procedures and analyses to scientific data and information.

4.1 Calculate and display scientific data in an appropriate and effective way for interpretation; and

4.2 Apply appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics to scientific data, and make relevant conclusions based on statistical results.

5. Analyze and effectively communicate biological information and analysis in written, visual, and oral formats.

5.1 Write laboratory reports that include background, purpose, hypothesis, procedures, presentation of results, analysis of results, and conclusion; and

5.2 Present biological information and analysis in written, visual, and oral formats, demonstrating organization, understanding of scientific information by research, and professional and effective delivery style, language, and graphics.

NOTE: All majors must complete all General Education requirements. BIOL 111 General Biology and CHEM 111 General Chemistry must be taken to fulfill the biological and physical science components of the Dimensions of Scientific Inquiry in the General Education curriculum. Pre-professional candidates should take PHYS 203 and PHYS 204 in preparation for professional admissions tests.

Program Requirements

Required Major Hours (46 hours)

Animal Science (4 hours)

Choose one of the following.
BIOL 201Invertebrate Zoology

4

BIOL 202Vertebrate Zoology

4

BIOL 315General and Comparative Animal Physiology

4

Plant Science (4 hours)

Choose one of the following.
BIOL 207General Botany

4

BIOL 320Plant Systematics

4

Molecular Science (4 hours)

Choose one of the following.
BIOL 206General Microbiology

4

BIOL 301Genetics

4

BIOL 352Cell Biology

4

BIOL 411Immunology

4

BIOL 422/CHEM 422Biochemistry

4

Ecology (4 hours)

BIOL 402Ecology

4

Biology Seminar (2 hours)

BIOL 391Biology Seminar I

1

BIOL 491Biology Seminar II

1

Biology Electives (12 hours)*

Three biology courses at or above the 200 level

12

*HONR 400 and/or HONR 401 may be used for three hours of this requirement when the research and thesis topics are appropriate.

Math and Chemistry (16 hours)*

CHEM 112General Chemistry II

4

CHEM 201Organic Chemistry I

4

CHEM 202Organic Chemistry II

4

MATH 151Calculus I

4

CHEM 112 and CHEM 201 will be considered as satisfactorily completed with a grade of "C" or better. CHEM 202 and MATH 151 will be considered as satisfactorily completed if students earn a passing (i.e., "D-" or better) grade.

*Biology majors electing to complete a Chemistry minor will earn credit for CHEM 112, CHEM 201, and CHEM 202 as part of that minor. Biology majors electing to complete a Forensics minor will earn credit for CHEM 112 as part of that minor. Biology majors electing to complete an Environmental Science minor will earn credit for CHEM 112 as part of that minor.

Biology Major, Biomedical Sciences Concentration (46 hours)

Students pursuing the Biomedical Concentration within the Biology major must take BIOL 111 General Biology and CHEM 111 General Chemistry I to fulfill the biological and physical science components of the Dimensions of Scientific Inquiry in the General Education curriculum. PSYC 201 General Psychology must be taken to fulfill the Dimensions of Self requirement in the General Education curriculum. MATH 151 Calculus I must be taken to fulfill the Dimensions of Quantitative Analysis requirement in the General Education curriculum. Students preparing for medical school, pharmacy school, or physical therapy school should take PHYS 203 and PHYS 204 in preparation for professional admissions tests.

Anatomy and Physiology (8 hours)

BIOL 203Human Anatomy and Physiology I

4

BIOL 204Human Anatomy and Physiology II

4

Molecular Sciences (8 hours)

BIOL 352Cell Biology

4

BIOL 422/CHEM 422Biochemistry

4

Animal or Plant Science (4 hours)

Choose one of the following.
BIOL 201Invertebrate Zoology

4

BIOL 202Vertebrate Zoology

4

BIOL 207General Botany

4

BIOL 315General and Comparative Animal Physiology

4

BIOL 320Plant Systematics

4

Biology Seminar (2 hours)

BIOL 391Biology Seminar I

1

BIOL 491Biology Seminar II

1

Biology Electives (8 hours)

Choose two of the following.
BIOL 206General Microbiology

4

BIOL 301Genetics

4

BIOL 310Nutrition

4

BIOL 335Pathophysiology

3

BIOL 402Ecology

4

BIOL 404Developmental Biology

4

BIOL 411Immunology

4

Math, Chemistry, and Medical Terminology (16 hours)*

BIOL 222Medical Terminology

1

CHEM 112General Chemistry II

4

CHEM 201Organic Chemistry I

4

CHEM 202Organic Chemistry II

4

MATH 105Fundamentals of Statistics and Probability

3

A grade of “C” or better is required in these courses.

*Biology majors electing to complete a Chemistry minor will earn credit for CHEM 112, CHEM 201, and CHEM 202 as part of that minor. Biology majors electing to complete a Forensics minor will earn credit for CHEM 112 as part of that minor. Biology majors electing to complete an Environmental Science minor will earn credit for CHEM 112 as part of that minor.

 

Total Credit Hours: 46

Additional Requirements for Transfer Majors

None.